The following are the basic principles that must be respected when conducting research.
- Respect for Persons: You must respect participants’ autonomy. A key component of that respect is the requirement to seek their free, informed and ongoing consent.
- Concern for Welfare: Researchers should aim to protect the welfare of participants in view of any foreseeable risks associated with the research. This includes risk of physical, psychological, and reputational harm (e.g., from sensitive questions, potentially upsetting activities, or physically demanding tasks).
- Justice: You must treat people fairly and equitably. Participation in your study should be based on inclusion criteria that are justified by the research question, so that no segment of the population is unduly burdened by the harms of research or denied the benefits of the knowledge generated from it.
We strongly recommend that anyone who intends to conduct research take the Tri-Council Course on Research Ethics, which is available online, for free.
You can also consult Faunalytics’ Research Ethics and Data Handling Policy for an example of how these principles may be applied to research.